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Jhansi Attractions

Tourist Attractions in Jhansi

The tourist attractions in Jhansi are the Jhansi Fort, Jhansi Museum, Rani Mahal and Chhatri of Gangadhar Rao.


Jhansi Fort
The Jhansi Fort was built by King Bir Singh Judeo of Orchha in the 17th century on the top of a hill, as an army stronghold. The Jhansi Fort offers excellent views from its ramparts. The British ceded the fort to Maharaja Scindia in 1858 but later exchanged it for Gwalior in 1866. The fort has been a witness to the fiery battle led by Queen Laxmi Bai. The fort consists of a tier of ramparts which varies in height from 5.5 m to 9 m. They are built of solid masonry and have ten gates: 

Jhansi Fort Jhansi

Khanderao, Datia, Unao, Orchha, Baragaon, Lakshmi, Sagar, Sainyar, Bhander and Jhirna. The breach made by the British under Sir Huge Rose is between the Sainyar and Jhirna gates. There is a temple inside the fort which is attended by a priest. There are beautiful temples of Lord Shiva and Ganesha inside the fort. The Karak Biji and Bhawani Shankar cannons of the queen are also kept here.

Rani Mahal
The palace of Queen Laxmi Bai or Rani Mahal is a fine piece of traditional architecture, which has now been converted into a museum. It houses a collection of archaeological remains of the period between the 9th and the 12th century AD and the sculptures excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India. On the first floor of the palace, decorative murals grace the ceiling as they used to do it when they resided here after the British annexed her kingdom.

Chhatri of Gangadhar Rao
The chhatri or cenotaph of Gangadhar Rao, the Rani Laxmi Bai's husband stands in a walled enclosure. This cenotaph is centred around a pavilion and devoid of frescoes. It has a quiet and nostalgic feet about it. A door leads to a reservoir or tank where local men bathe.

Jhansi Museum
Weapons, statues, dresses and photographs that represent the Chandela dynasty and a picture galley, are the main features of the Government museum. The Museum's folk art gallery is fascinating with its exhibits of finger painting from the walls of village huts.

Excursion from Jhansi


Deogarh is situated about 123 kms. from Jhansi. Deogarh is situtated on the right bank of the Betwa river, at the western end of the Lalitpur range of hills. It is of great antiquarian, epigraphical and archaeological importance. It remained in glory during the region of the Guptas, the Gondas, Gurjara-Pratiharas, the Muslim rulers of Delhi, the Marathas and the British. The architecture and sculptures of these temples display a high level of craftsmanship. The great Gupta dynasty of 

Deogarh Jhansi

the 4th and 5th century AD, fortified Deogarh and built the hand crafted Dashavatar Temple. This fine temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, and the earliest known Panchayatan temple in North India. The Guptas have left an indelible stamp on the sculptural art and architecture of India and this temple is among their best. The carvings in the temple almost seem as if they had been moulded, rather than been fashioned painstakingly with a hammer and chisel. Lord Vishnu reclines on an elbow and the cushions below him have been indented to take the varied pressures of his hips, back, shoulders. All around the temple such minute details have been depicted on the hard stone with the most exquisite fidelity. The Deogarh's most famous attraction is the walled complex of temples belonging to the gentle and non-violent Jain community. The site was a Jain centre from the 8th to the 17th century. There are 31 Jain temples, all situated inside the Fort of Karnali, on the hill overlooking the river Betwa. This complex has the world's largest collection of the Jain sculptures belonging from the 9th to 12th centuries. Most of them have been imbedded in the walls of the complex which not only protects them but also makes them accessible to visitors. There are also beautiful images installed in the various temples of the complex. Gorakhgiri is the hill where Guru Gorakhnath once resided with his disciples. The spot is ideal for rock-climbing and picnics.

Mahoba is situated about 140 km from Jhansi, and associated with the Chandela kings who ruled over Bundelkhand between the 9th and the 12 centuries. Mahoba is believed to have been existed under the different names in all the successive cycles through which the world has passed. Mahoba is said to be derived from a great sacrifice, performed by its reputed founder the Chandela Raja Chandra Varma in 800 AD. Architectural antiquities of the Chandela period abound throughout the neighbourhood. Mahoba was also a prominent cultural centre. The Chandela kings, apparently, desired two earthly things after the safe possession of Bundelkhand: to built temples for their gods and to bring water to the land. Ballads praise its days of glory and narrate the inspiring saga of Alha and Udal, the two legendary warrior brothers who sacrificed their lives for the honour of their land. The Chandelas constructed four lakes in Mahoba. These lakes are Madan Sagar, Vijay Sagar, Kalyan Sagar and Kirat Sagar. Madan Sagar, 5 km in circumference, was made in the 12th century, Vijay Sagar in 11th century. The other two are Kalyan Sagar and Kirat Sagar. The Ram Kund lake marks the place where the dynasty's founder died and on an island in Madan Sagar, the main lake, stands a Shiva temple that belongs to the 12th century. The shores of the lakes and the islands are littered with ruined temples, large rock figures, Buddhist and Jain sculptures, a dancing Ganesh of whitewashed, a sun temple dedicated to Surya and a vast figure of Siva cut into the rock. There are various temples, besides the numerous lakes that dot the rocky islets. The Sun Temple at Rahila lies to the west of Rahila Sagar, an artificial lake credited to Chandela ruler Rahila, who ruled between 890 to 910 A.D. Though in a ruined state today, the temple is a fine example of early Pratihara architecture in the area. Maniya Dev Temple is dedicated to the tutelary deity of the Chandelas and stands on the bank of Madan Sagar.

The hill fort at Charkhari is surrounded on three sides by water. The landward approach to the fort is made though an imposing gate, its door studded with spikes to deter elephants from knocing it down. It leads to a courtyard and durbar hall decorated with portraits of the Charkhari Rajas. From there the ascent is long and gradual and this enabled elephants and heavy guns to be taken higher. There are canons abandoned in nearly every bastion. Also within these walls are the temple gardens and well. Parmadidev, the last Chandela king, was defeated by the Chauhan emperor Prithiraj in 1182, the latter making Delhi his strategic base. Qutb-ud-Din (See page 165) took the town in 1195. A number of Muslim remains survive. The tomb of Jalhan Khan is constructed from the remains of a Saivite temple, and a mosque whose Persian inscription indicates it was founded in 1322 during the reign of Ghiyas-ud-din-Tughlug. The fort fell into the hands of Tantia Topi during the Mutiny but the local Raja Ratan Singh remained loyal to the British and afterwards was awarded a hereditary 11 gun salute.


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